Problem Solving is a critical skill not only for students to not only to achieve academic success in school, but also to deal with problems, disagreements, and obstacles in their daily life.
Generally, problem-solving consists of five steps:
Identify the problem
Consider the various possible solutions
Evaluate the solutions
Choose the best one and try it out
Assess the effectiveness of the practised solution
Knowing these fundamental procedures, teachers can actually create opportunities where students have to think for themselves, actualise the above steps, and 'practice' problem-solving in class.
Here are some ideas for teachers.
1. Brainstorm Bonanza
Most of the time, teachers are the ones who 'move around' the most in the classroom and the ones who get to write on the whiteboard or chalkboard. Yet, students would love to leave their seats and express their opinions on the board too!
Having your students list their ideas or answers on the chalkboard related to questions that you have raised could be a brilliant way to polish their understanding of the content that has been covered as they can as well explore their classmates' responses. This is a good chance to make your students practice 1. Identifying the problem that you've given them, and 2. Thinking of the possible solutions themselves (refer to the 5 steps for problem solving).
To motivate your students to explore all the possibilities and be creative with their answers, teachers may consider holding a mini-contest by having your students compete for both quantity and quality - by having the most ideas but at the same time reasonable and effective ones.
2. Ask 3B4ME
Ask 3B4ME - Ask three before me. This is a wonderful way to encourage students to figure out the answers on their own by using simple paths before they resort to approaching teacher for help. Hence, this helps bring 1. Finding possible answers/ solutions, 2. Evaluating the answers/ solutions and 3. Finding the best answer/ solutions (refer to the 5 steps for problem solving), into practise. Answers are always more reliable and accurate when being fact-checked from multiple sources. That's why students are recommended to check the answer thrice even when using the same way. Here're some options for students:
Ask 3 friends
Visit 3 different websites
Explore from 3 different sources (Books, magazines, news, websites...)
3. Use ABC Feedback
The ABC feedback model suggested by Alez Quigley offers a three-step process for students to provide feedback on their peers' answer. This is going to provide students with a framework for building up ideas in a discussion and practise 3. Evaluating each others' answers, 4. Comparing and find the better answer/ solution and 5. Assessing the validity of the answers (refer to the 5 steps for problem solving). The following is how the ABC Feedback works:
A = Agree with - Make your students agree with their peer's answer with reasonable support
B = Build upon - Ask your students to try build upon their peer's answer by adding their own ideas or elaborating more
C = Challenge - Have your students attempt disagreeing with their peer's answer and offering an alternative point of view
Hope you enjoy these tips and that they help your students become outstanding problem solvers!